Начальные классы

Русский язык

Тетрадкин Град


Английский язык





Let s talk about international cooperation.

Let’s talk about international cooperation. What is international cooperation promoted for?

International relations are an exceptionally important aspect of citizenship in a global society. As our world becomes smaller and smaller through communication technology, rapid air transportation and a complex international economy, the value of peaceful and cooperative relationships between nations is increasingly important.

Historically, one of the oldest expressions of international relations was the establishment of treaties and agreements between nations. Maintenance of these treaties ensured that ordinary people could go about their everyday tasks of earning a living and raising their families rather than dedicating themselves to armed conflict with neighbors. This function of international relations remains just as relevant today.

Positive international relations also promote effective trade policies bet­ween nations in terms of importing natural resources and finished products not available in the country.

Besides the transport of goods over international borders, people also frequently migrate between countries, looking for opportunities to enhance their lives. This travel may be temporary or permanent, but in either case it must be regulated to ensure the rule of law as criminals must be kept out of the country while legitimate business, tourist and immigrant travel is pre­served.

Nations often face global issues that are larger than any specific country or even continent, such as concerns over the environment, pandemics and terrorism. Sound international relations are required for nations to cooperate effectively to meet these challenges, allowing nations to share relevant infor­mation quickly and pool resources.

International relations are not only about regulating and controlling the flow of goods and information, they are also advantageous for promoting the advancement of human culture in a general way. The diversity of world cul­tures can be promoted and shared through enlightened international relations policies, allowing programs such as student exchanges and cultural exhibitions to enhance our understanding of the variety of human expression worldwide.

What is the position of Belarus on the international arena?

At present Belarus actively participates in an effective international part­nership with the governments of different states and international organiza­tions. As a co-founder of the United Nations, Belarus cooperates with various institutions and organizations of the United Nations, World Bank, World Health Organization, International Labor Organization, UNESCO, the Euro­pean Union, etc. Belarus has a friendly working relationship with such coun­tries as Germany, Denmark, France, Canada, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, Great Britain, The USA and many others.

As a sovereign country, Belarus enjoys full rights and is active on the foreign arena. From the moment of setting up the United Nations Organization (UNO) Belarus as one of its constituent member states takes an active part in the work of this association, its organs and institutions. Belarus regularly sends its delegations to the sessions of the UNO General Assembly, has its permanent delegation and its own staff in it. Belarus is a member of some international specialized organizations, commissions, bureaus, funds and other organs.

On the initiative of Belarus the international organizations have adopted a number of important decisions, particularly on the punishment of war crim­inals, on education of youth in the spirit of ideas of peace and friendship among nations. Belarus has signed many treaties, agreements, protocols and conventions on co-operation with other countries in various fields. Together with representatives of other peace-loving countries the envoys of Belarus are struggling for implementing a policy that answers the basic interests of all nations of the world, for their peace and security, co-operation and friendship.

You are invited to take part in the international festival of cultures. What questions will you ask the organizers of this festival?

What are the aims of the festival?

What countries will be represented at the festival?

Where will it be held?

Who are the sponsors of the festival?

Is the participation free of charge?

What are the benefits for Belarus from the cooperation with UNESCO?

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNES­CO) contributes to promotion of knowledge, builds collaborative networks of scientists, conducts researches in the field of social, human and natural sci­ences, develops the standards for intellectual cooperation.

Participation of Belarusian scientists in UNESCO programmes and ac­tivities provides the possibility to obtain expert assistance in the implementa­tion of research projects. It is a means of bringing intellectual, material and technical capacity of other countries, of gaining access to the results and methods of the up-to-date scientific research.

How can international cooperation help in solving global environmental problems?

Naturally, global ecological problems cannot be solved by the efforts of individual States alone. National measures to protect the environment must be combined with wide international cooperation at the global level.

In order to decide who has to contribute what, we all have to cooperate and work closely together to create laws and regulations that will supersede conflicting interests.

At the present time, there are a number of international treaties of differ­ent kind governing various aspects of the protection of the environment and the rational utilization of natural resources. These agreements primarily con­cern the prevention of the pollution of maritime waters and the Earth’s atmo­sphere, the protection and rational utilization of the animal and plant world on land; the protection of unique natural objects and complexes and the pro­tection of the Earth’s environment from radioactive contamination.

An important role in the development of the international protection of the environment is played by resolutions adopted by international organizations, and above all by the United Nations and its specialized agencies.